Quinta-feira, 1 de Fevereiro de 2007
Plurals

Plural
 

Regular
 

General rule: singular + S:
girl  -  girls
boy  -  boys

Nouns ending in -S, -SS, -SH, -CH, -X get -ES:
box  -  boxes
bus  -  buses

SOME nouns ending in -O behind a consonant get -ES:
potato  -  potatoes
tomato  -  tomatoes

Nouns ending in -Y behind a consonant change -Y into -IES:
lady  -  ladies
baby  -  babies

SOME nouns ending in -F or -FE change -F(E) into -VES:
knife  -  knives
wife  -  wives

 
 
Irregular
 

You will have to learn these by heart

man
foot
woman
tooth
goose
mouse
louse
child
penny
men 
feet
women
teeth
geese
mice
lice
children
pence
 
 
Always plural, Always singular
 
Some nouns are always PLURAL:
clothes, jeans, trousers, shorts, people, police, glasses, scissors, mathematics
Some nouns (abstract, materials, kinds of food) are always SINGULAR:
bread, tea, cheese, jam, soup, soap, snow, cotton, wood, water, information, advice,
knowledge, furniture, news
Some nouns have the SAME FORM for singular and plural:
Names of kind of fish: cod, herring, salmon, trout, ...
Names of some animals: deer, sheep, swine, ...
 
 
Plural of compounds
 
If you are not sure of the plural form, check in a good dictionary.
dining-room  -  dining-rooms
sister-in-law  -  sisters-in-law
forget-me-not  -  forget-me-nots


publicado por A Hora do Conto às 13:57
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